Alice Cooper (band) – Wikipedia

This article is about the rock band. For its run singer, see Alice Cooper American rock band
Alice Cooper ( besides known as The Alice Cooper Group, or The Alice Cooper Band ) was an american english rock band formed in Phoenix, Arizona, in 1964. The dance band consisted of lead singer Vince Furnier ( stage list Alice Cooper ), Glen Buxton ( tip guitar ), Michael Bruce ( rhythm guitar, keyboards ), Dennis Dunaway ( bass guitar ), and Neal Smith ( drums ). Furnier legally changed his diagnose to Alice Cooper and has had a solo career under that name since the band became inactive in 1975. The isthmus was ill-famed for their complicate, theatrical performance shock rock stage shows. [ 2 ] In 2011, the original Alice Cooper ring was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. [ 3 ] After years of obscureness, the Alice Cooper band rose to fame in 1971 with the hit one “ I ‘m eighteen “ and the album Love It to Death. Success continued with the popular one “ School ‘s Out “ and the album of the like name in 1972. The band peaked in popularity in 1973 with their future album Billion Dollar Babies and its tour, which broke box-office records previously held by The Rolling Stones.

history [edit ]

Formative years : The Spiders [edit ]

In 1964, 16-year-old Furnier, then a scholar at Cortez High School, was eager to participate in the local annual Letterman ‘s talent read, so he gathered four teammates from his high gear school ‘s cross-country team to form a group for the read : Glen Buxton, Dennis Dunaway, John Tatum and John Speer. [ 4 ] They named themselves The Earwigs. [ 5 ] They dressed up in costumes and wigs to resemble the Beatles, and performed several parodies of Beatles songs, with the lyrics modified to refer to the track team : in their rendition of “ Please Please Me “, for case, the line “ final night I said these words to my girlfriend ” was replaced with “ concluding night I ran four laps for my coach ”. [ 6 ] Of the group, alone Buxton and Tatum knew how to play an instrument—the guitar—so Buxton and Tatum played guitars while the rest mimed on their instruments. [ 7 ] The group got an consuming reaction from the audience and won the endowment show. As a leave of their positive experience, the group decided to try to turn into a substantial band. They acquired musical instruments from a local pawn shop, and proceeded to learn how to play them, with Buxton doing most of the education, adenine well as much of the early songwriting. [ 7 ] They soon renamed themselves The Spiders, featuring Furnier on vocals, Buxton on lead guitar, Tatum on rhythm method of birth control guitar, Dunaway on bass guitar, and Speer on drums. [ 5 ] Musically, the group was inspired by artists such as the Beatles, the Rolling Stones, the Who, the Kinks, the Doors, and the Yardbirds. For the future year the dance band performed regularly around the Phoenix area with a huge black spider ‘s web as their backdrop, the group ‘s first stage airplane propeller. [ 5 ] In 1965, the Spiders recorded their first single, “ Why Do n’t You Love Me ” ( originally performed by the Blackwells ), with Furnier learning the harmonica for the sung. [ citation needed ] The single ‘s B-side traverse was the Marvin Gaye Tamla Records hit, “ Hitch Hike “. The single was released by local record label, Mascot Records, owned by Jack Curtis, a concert promoter who besides owned the stage 7 adolescent club which by and by became the VIP Club where the Spiders were the house band. At the VIP Club the band supported other bands including – the Lovin ‘ Spoonful, the Yardbirds, Them, the Animals, the Kinks and the Byrds. [ 8 ] In 1966, the Spiders graduated from eminent school and after North High School football player Michael Bruce replaced John Tatum on rhythm guitar, the band released their irregular single, “ Do n’t Blow Your Mind ”, an master musical composition which became a local anesthetic # 1 hit, backed by “ No Price Tag ”. The one was recorded at Copper State Recording Studio and issued by local anesthetic micro-imprint, Santa Cruz Records. [ 5 ] By 1967, the band had begun to make regular road trips to Los Angeles to play shows. They soon renamed themselves Nazz and released the individual “ Wonder Who ‘s Lovin ‘ Her now ”, backed with future Alice Cooper track “ Lay Down and Die, Goodbye ”. At around this time, drummer John Speer was replaced by Neal Smith. By the goal of the year, the isthmus had relocated to Los Angeles. [ 5 ] For a while the band lived in the lapp house with the Syd Barrett line-up of Pink Floyd. This was on Beethoven Street, Venice, Los Angeles. [ 9 ] In Los Angeles, the set ‘s life style involved regular cable car trips into the abandon. Activities included shooting rabbits with a 0.22 rifle. In 1967, Neal Smith moved into the stove of Cooper ‘s plunder as Alice was about to fire. Smith was hit in the ankle. He has the break up in his ankle to this day. [ 10 ] Around this time, the band and three others were driving in Los Angeles in a van. An incident on the road caused the driver to lose restraint of the van and it went off the road rolling over four times. The van was destroyed, but all band members and the three other passengers survived without unplayful injury. [ 11 ] In 1968, the band learned that Todd Rundgren besides had a band called Nazz, and found themselves in necessitate of another stage name. Furnier besides believed that the group needed a doodad to succeed, and that early bands were not exploiting the showmanship potential of the stagecoach. [ 5 ] The caption is that the name “ Alice Cooper ” came from a school term with a Ouija board, largely chosen because it sounded innocent and wholesome, in humorous contrast to the ring ‘s prototype and music. however, in an interview with Mark Radcliffe on the Radcliffe and Maconie show on BBC Radio 2 on 30 November 2009 Alice described the incidental with the ouija board as an urban caption. He said “ We literally got that unharmed floor about the wiccan thing the way you guys got it. It was like just pure urban caption. I heard about the witch thing probably the same day you did, but it was a big fib. ” [ 12 ] Eventually Furnier adopted this stage list as his own. He by and by stated that the mention switch was one of his most authoritative and successful career moves. [ 13 ] The authoritative Alice Cooper group line-up consisted of Furnier, lead guitarist Glen Buxton, rhythm guitarist Michael Bruce, bassist Dennis Dunaway and drummer Neal Smith – all former members of the Spiders. This batting order stayed entire through 1974. [ 5 ] [ 14 ] The ring ‘s first spear that used the name Alice Cooper was on March 16, 1968 at Earl Warren Fairgrounds in Santa Barbara. The posters still showed the band as The Nazz. [ 15 ] After a 1968 gig at the Cheetah clubhouse in Venice, California, where most of the cabaret ‘s patrons left after hearing the band turn just ten minutes, they were approached by music coach Shep Gordon, who saw the band ‘s negative affect that night as a push that could be turned in a more fat direction. [ 16 ] Shep arranged an hearing for the ring with celebrated musical artist and record producer Frank Zappa, who was looking to sign bizarre music acts to his new record label, Straight Records. Zappa told them to come to his house “ at 7 o’clock ” for an hearing. The band mistakenly assumed he meant 7 o’clock in the dawn. Being woken up by a band will to play that particular trade name of music at seven in the dawn impress Zappa enough for him to sign them to a three-album distribute. [ 16 ] “ Frank was the only one who stuck out his neck for us, for me, ” recalled Alice himself. “ He was the matchless who said, ‘Here ‘s a band that everybody in the occupation is laughing at – I like ’em. ‘ … He was the outcast in L.A. and so were we. ” [ 17 ] The first three Alice Cooper albums were released on Zappa ‘s Straight label. Another Zappa-signed act, the all-female GTOs, were encouraged to dress up the Alice Cooper band members in women ‘s dress and heavy makeup, and played a major function in developing the ring ‘s early onstage look. [ 18 ] The band was the subject of media criticism after Furnier threw a exist chicken into the audience during the 1969 Toronto Rock ‘n ‘ Roll Revival Festival. The audience ripped the wimp, whose name was Dutchess, to shreds. [ 19 ] In 1970, the band appeared on a Warner Bros sampler album, Zapped, featuring acts produced by Zappa .

Finding achiever [edit ]

decelerate sales of the ring ‘s first base two albums, ampere well as Californians ‘ indifference to their act, led the band to relocate again in 1970, this time to Pontiac, Michigan near Furnier ‘s original home town of Detroit. here, their bizarre stage act was much better received by Midwestern push accustomed to the proto bum styles of local bands such as the Stooges and the MC5. “ L.A. merely didn ’ t get it, ” Furnier stated. “ They were all on the wrong drug for us. They were on acid and we were basically drinking beer. We fit much more in Detroit than we did anywhere else. ” [ 20 ] Hooking up with young manufacturer Bob Ezrin, Alice Cooper released the single “ I ‘m eighteen ” in late 1970, and it became a surprise Top 40 hit. The single ‘s success convinced Warner Bros that the band could be a feasible commercial act, leading to much stronger investment in the third Alice Cooper album, Love It to Death. The album was initially released on Straight Records, but was reissued on the Warner label following its buyout of the imprint from Zappa, giving Alice Cooper even greater exposure. Under Ezrin ‘s focus, the band ‘s heavy moved from psychedelic rock ‘n’ roll to a tight, guitar-driven unvoiced rock sound, even as a lot of the lyrical content continued to explore “ degeneracy, perversion and psychosis. ” [ 21 ] In 1971 the band was doing its first headliner go. offstage at a spear in Florida, a young charwoman came in with a Boa Constrictor coiled around her branch. This gave Alice a fear, and after experiencing this kind of chemical reaction, the theme of using a hydra in the stage performance began. [ 22 ] With Love It to Death and its follow-up album Killer both charting well, the band was able to afford a more elaborate stage indicate, including sophisticate props and elements of medieval horror, and they became a highly popular concert drawing card in the US and UK over the following few years. [ 23 ] Calls by members of british Parliament in 1972 to have the group banned from performing in the UK entirely solidified the band ‘s caption, [ 24 ] and the adjacent year ‘s Billion Dollar Babies enlistment broke box office records. Cindy Dunaway ( Neal Smith ‘s sister who married Dennis Dunaway ) designed the band ‘s costumes and occasionally performed in the stage show ( she was the “ dance tooth ” on the Billion Dollar Babies tour ). [ 25 ] [ 26 ] A 1973 gig in São Paulo, Brazil, was performed in battlefront of 158,000 people. The Guinness Book of World Records gave the ring the earth record for playing in presence of the biggest indoor audience ever. [ 27 ] Following Killer, Alice Cooper released three more top ten albums, the pinnacle being 1973 ‘s Billion Dollar Babies which rose all the way to No. 1 on the US and UK album charts. The band headlined highly successful tours from 1972 to 1974, before breaking up. The ring made indeed much money in 1973 and 1974 that Alice appeared on the cover of Forbes Magazine in 1974. [ 28 ]

separation of the original band [edit ]

The original Alice Cooper band played their final show on April 8, 1974 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. [ 29 ] There are varying reasons former band members have given for the separation. Smith said the members wanted to take a class off to slow down and possibly do solo projects, and barely never reunited. Cooper said there was disagreement over how much money to sink back into stage shows, which had become dearly-won. Bruce contends that Buxton ‘s issues with kernel abuse, which at one time led him to pull a switchblade on the band ‘s go coach, probable hastened the dissolution. [ 30 ]

The separation was made public in 1975. [ 31 ] Vincent Furnier took “ Alice Cooper ” as his own name and carried on as a solo artist with a new group of musicians, [ 26 ] [ 32 ] the original isthmus becoming officially defunct. Furnier late stated that the name transfer was one of his most authoritative and successful career moves. [ 13 ]
The four surviving master members of Alice Cooper at Wembley Arena in November 2017 Bruce, Dunaway and Smith would go on to form the ephemeral band Billion Dollar Babies, producing one album – Battle Axe – in 1977. While occasionally performing with one another and Glen Buxton, they would not reunite with Alice until October 23, 1999, at the second Glen Buxton Memorial Weekend for a show at CoopersTown in Phoenix ( Buxton having died in 1997 ). They reunited for another prove, with Steve Hunter on guitar, on December 16, 2010, at the Dodge Theatre in Phoenix. [ 33 ] This batting order would perform together again ( televised ) on March 14, 2011, at the generalization of the original Alice Cooper group into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, vitamin a well as on May 11, 2011, at London ‘s Battersea Power Station at the Jägermeister Ice Cold 4D consequence ( webcast ). Bruce, Dunaway and Smith appeared on three tracks they co-wrote on Alice ‘s 2011 album Welcome 2 My Nightmare. A documentary about the band entitled Super Duper Alice Cooper premiered at the Tribeca Film Festival on April 17, 2014, and was scheduled to be screened at the Hot Docs Canadian International Documentary Festival a week late. [ 19 ] On October 6, 2015, a storm reunion display took place in Dallas at Dunaway ‘s reserve bless seance. He was joined by Bruce, Smith, Cooper and Ryan Roxie, who replaced the late Glen Buxton. [ 34 ] [ 35 ] [ 36 ] The surviving members of the band were set to record and release an album. [ 37 ] however, the alone material to surface was two bonus tracks on Cooper ‘s twenty-seventh studio album Paranormal. The four surviving original members reunited again for a five-song set on May 14, 2017, at a show in Nashville, Tennessee. [ 38 ] The four reunited yet again later that lapp year for a UK tour. [ 39 ] In 2021, the surviving members of the band reunited for Cooper ‘s Detroit Stories album. Producer Bob Ezrin vitamin a well as Cooper himself have hinted that a new album with the surviving members may be potential. [ 40 ]

Band members [edit ]

Black-and-white photo of a long-haired man in black makeup with a microphone Vincent Furnier a.k.a. Alice Cooper Original band members
Additional members 1973–1974

  • Mick Mashbir – guitar
  • Bob Dolin – keyboards

timeline [edit ]

discography [edit ]

Studio albums
Compilations

References [edit ]

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