This article is about adult human males. For humans in general, see Human. For other uses, see Man ( disambiguation )
Reading: Man – Wikipedia
A man is an pornographic male human. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] Prior to adulthood, a male human is referred to as a boy ( a male child or adolescent ). Like most early male mammals, a homo ‘s genome normally inherits an x chromosome from the beget and a Y chromosome from the forefather. Sex differentiation of the male fetus is governed by the SRY gene on the Y chromosome. During puberty, hormones which stimulate androgen production result in the development of secondary intimate characteristics, therefore exhibiting greater differences between the sexes. These include greater muscle mass, the emergence of facial hair and a lower body fat composition. male anatomy is distinguished from female anatomy by the male generative organization, which includes the penis, testicles, sperm duct, prostate gland gland and the epididymis, vitamin a well as secondary sex characteristics .
etymology and terminology
The english term “ man ” is derived from the Proto-Indo-European etymon *man- ( see Sanskrit / Avestan manu-, Slavic mǫž “ man, male ” ). [ 3 ] More directly, the son derives from Old English mann. The Old English form chiefly meant “ person ” or “ human being ” and referred to men, women, and children alike. The Old English son for “ man ” as distinct from “ woman ” or “ child ” was wer. Mann alone came to mean “ serviceman ” in Middle English, replacing wer, which survives today entirely in the compound “ werewolf ” ( from Old English werwulf, literally “ man-wolf ” ). [ 4 ] [ 5 ]
Photograph of an adult male human, with an pornographic female for comparison. note that the pubic hair of both models is removed. In humans, sperm cells normally carry either an x or a Y sex chromosome. If a sperm cell carrying a Y chromosome fertilizes the female ovum, the young will be male ( XY ). The SRY gene is normally found on the Y chromosome and is the testis determining factor that governs male sex differentiation. arouse specialization in males proceeds in a testes dependant way while female specialization is not gonad dependant. [ 6 ] Humans exhibit intimate dimorphism in many characteristics, many of which have no direct link to generative ability, although most of these characteristics do have a role in sexual attraction. Most expressions of sexual dimorphism in humans are found in altitude, weight, and consistency structure, though there are constantly examples that do not follow the overall practice. For exercise, men tend to be taller than women, but there are many people of both sexes who are in the mid-height range for the species. primary sex characteristics ( or arouse organs ) are characteristics that are present at give birth and are integral to the generative process. For men, chief sexual activity characteristics include the penis and testicles. secondary sex characteristics are features that appear during puberty in humans. [ 7 ] [ 8 ] such features are specially apparent in the sexually dimorphic phenotypical traits that distinguish between the sexes, but—unlike the basal sex characteristics—are not directly part of the generative system. [ 9 ] [ 10 ] [ 11 ] Secondary intimate characteristics that are specific to men include :
- Facial hair;
- Chest hair;
- Broadened shoulders;
- An enlarged larynx (also known as an Adam’s apple); and
- A voice that is significantly deeper than the voice of a child or a woman.
The male generative system includes external and internal genitalia. The male external genitalia consist of the penis, the male urethra, and the scrotum, while the male inner genitalia consist of the testes, the prostate, the epididymis, the germinal vesicle, the virginia deferens, the ejaculatory duct, and the bulbourethral gland. [ 14 ] The male generative system ‘s function is to produce semen, which carries sperm and therefore genetic information that can unite with an egg within a womanhood. Since sperm that enters a woman ‘s uterus and then fallopian tube goes on to fertilize an egg which develops into a fetus or child, the male generative system plays no necessary function during the gestation. The study of male reproduction and associate organs is called andrology .
Testosterone stimulates the development of the Wolffian ducts, the penis, and closure of the labioscrotal folds into the scrotum. Another meaning hormone in sexual differentiation is the anti-Müllerian hormone, which inhibits the exploitation of the Müllerian ducts. For males during puberty, testosterone, along with gonadotropins released by the pituitary gland, stimulates spermatogenesis.
Men have lower life anticipation [ 15 ] and higher suicide rates [ 16 ] compared to women .
sex and sex
male sex and attraction change from person to person, and a world ‘s sexual behavior can be affected by many factors, including evolve predispositions, personality, breeding, and polish. While the majority of men are heterosexual, meaning minorities are homosexual or bisexual. [ 17 ] A humble symmetry of people of female sexual activity assignment identify as male ( typically referred to as transgender men ). In contrast, some people of male sex assignment identify as female ( typically referred to as transgender women ). [ 18 ] [ 19 ] [ 20 ]
Masculinity ( besides sometimes called manhood or manliness ) is a set of attributes, behaviors, and roles associated with boys and men. Although masculinity is socially constructed, [ 21 ] some research indicates that some behaviors considered masculine are biologically influenced. [ 22 ] To what extent masculinity is biologically or socially influenced is submit to debate. [ 22 ] It is discrete from the definition of the biological male sex, as both males and females can exhibit masculine traits. [ 23 ] Standards of manfulness or maleness vary across different cultures and historical periods. [ 24 ] While the outward signs of maleness look different in different cultures, there are some common aspects to its definition across cultures. In all cultures in the past, and still among traditional and non-Western cultures, getting married is the most coarse and authoritative differentiation between boyhood and manhood. [ 25 ] In the late twentieth century, some qualities traditionally associated with marriage ( such as the “ triple Ps ” of protecting, providing, and procreating ) were distillery considered signs of having achieved humanness. [ 25 ] [ 26 ] Anthropology has shown that maleness itself has sociable status, good like wealth, race and social classify. In western acculturation, for example, greater masculinity normally brings greater social status. many english words such as virtue and virile ( from the indo-european root vir meaning man ) chew over this. [ 27 ] [ 28 ]
The Mars Symbol ( ♂ ) is a common symbol that represents the male sex. [ 29 ] The symbol is identical to the planetary symbol of Mars. [ 30 ] It was beginning used to denote arouse by Carl Linnaeus in 1751. The symbol is sometimes seen as a stylize representation of the shield and spear of the Roman deity. Mars. According to Stearn, however, this derivation is “ fanciful ” and all the historic testify favours “ the ending of the french classical scholar Claude de Saumaise ( Salmasius, 1588–1683 ) ” that it is derived from θρ, the contraction of a greek name for the planet Mars, which is Thouros. [ 31 ]
- Andrew Perchuk, Simon Watney, bell hooks, The Masculine Masquerade: Masculinity and Representation, MIT Press 1995
- Pierre Bourdieu, Masculine Domination, Paperback Edition, Stanford University Press 2001
- Robert W. Connell, Masculinities, Cambridge : Polity Press, 1995
- Warren Farrell, The Myth of Male Power Berkley Trade, 1993 ISBN 0-425-18144-8
- Michael Kimmel (ed.), Robert W. Connell (ed.), Jeff Hearn (ed.), Handbook of Studies on Men and Masculinities, Sage Publications 2004
- The dictionary definition of man at Wiktionary
- Quotations related to Man at Wikiquote
- Media related to Men at Wikimedia Commons